Тренировочные задания в формате ЕГЭ по английскому языку 9-11 классы
Чтение Установите соответствие между заголовками А—Н И текстами 1—7. Занесите свои ответы в таблицу. Используйте каждую букву Только один раз. В задании один заГоловок лишний. A. Behind the Wheel Е. Permanent People B. Pessimistic Predictions F. Greenhouse Effect C. Intelligent House G. Easy Shopping D. New Possibilities for Business H. Future Entertainment 1. The smart fridge will be connected to the internet as part of a home network that runs your domestic life, interacting with the barcodes on your food, and re-ordering them on-line as you use them. Virtually all domestic appliances will be linked by computer, so that the fridge can communicate with the cooker and rubbish bin, coordinating complex tasks such as cooking a meal. 2. Children of the future will never be able to complain that there's no one to play with. Equipped with virtual reality headsets, they will be taking part in global games, for example, in medieval jousting tournaments.
Their opponents, selected by the computer, will probably live on the other side of the world. 3. Cars of the future will take much of the strain out of driving. The intelligent navigation system will be able to choose the best route for you by monitoring an online traffic database for hold-ups, while the cruise control keeps a constant distance from the car in front.
And if you exceed the speed limit, the speedometer will give a polite warning to you. 4. Holographic conferencing and virtual reality meetings will allow people to interact with colleagues and clients via computer, without needing to leave the comfort of their own homes. This will also mean that a lot more people will either work freelance from home, or on flexible short-term contracts. The old concept 'jobs for life' will be a thing of the past. 5. In the future it will become harder to tell the difference between the human and the machine. All body parts will be replaceable. A computer will function like the human brain with the ability to recognize feelings and respond in a feeling way. We will then be able to create a machine duplicate of ourselves and transfer our spirit so we will be able to live for as long as we want. 6. There will be great changes to the environment particularly because of the rising sea levels. Global warming is expected to cause oceans to ise by one meter, which will increase the risk of flooding. It will happen regardless of any future actions to curb greenhouse gases. Projected climate change will also tend to degrade water quality through higher water temperatures. 7. We will not rely so much on cash as we do now. It will mainly be digital money, the inevitable medium of exchange for an increasingly wired world. We will no longer need to carry a wad of bills or fumble for exact change. Supermarkets will have iris recognition systems so the money for our groceries will automatically be transferred from our bank accounts as we're standing at the checkout. Прочитайте текст и заполните пропуски 1—6 частями предложений, обозначенными буквами A—G. Одна из часТей в списке A—G лишняя. Перенесите ответы в таблицу. Every invention has an official birth date. For the Cube this date is 1974 1________________ .
The inventor's name is now a house hold word, Rubik's Cube. Although 1974 marks the appearance of the Cube, the processes that led to the invention began a few years earlier. At the time, Erno Rubik was a lecturer at the Academy of Applied Arts and Crafts in Budapest.
In the course of his teaching, Erno Rubik preferred to communi cate his ideas by the use of actual models, made from wood or plas tic, 2___________________ . When the Cube was completed, Erno Rubik demonstrated it to his students and let some of his friends play with it. The effect was instantaneous. Once somebody laid his hands On the Cube, 3____________________ . The compulsive interest of Friends and students in the Cube caught its creator completely by surprise and it was months before any thought was given to the possibility of producing it on an industrial scale. During 1978 the Cube began to make its way through the hands Of fascinated youths into homes and schools 4_____________________ .
The challenge of trying to master the Cube seemed to have a mesmeric effect on an amazing variety of individuals. Grandmothers, bank managers, baseball players, pilots, librarians could be seen working away at their Cubes at any hour of the day. But it was the Young, schoolboys and students, 5_____________________ . Now the Cube is part of a family of puzzles and games which bear the stamp of the genius who created the greatest three dimensional puzzle the world has ever known. Erno Rubik has not changed much over the years. Working close ly with Seven Towns, he is still deeply engaged in creating new games and puzzles, and remains one of the principal beneficiaries of 6__________________ .
A. it was difficult to get it back! B. which was the first step on the long road that led finally to the Cube. C. who proved most adept at solving the puzzle. D. where it was finally rejected. E. what proved to be a spectacularly successful invention.
F. when the first working prototype came into being. G. without any promotion or publicity. Прочитайте рассказ и выполните задания А15—А21. В каждом задании обведите цифру 1, 2, 3 или 4, соответствующую выбранному вами варианту ответа. There was a small breeze when Christine came out for her lunch as she usually did, even when it was raining, instead of going up to the store canteen.
You could never get a table to yourself there, and whoever sat with you always wanted to complain about the shop, the customers, the management or the canteen food. Everyone at Gold-wyn's seemed to have a complaint of some kind, although it was one of the best London stores to work for, and many of the staff had been there for years — some of them were long past retiring age. This was because the management let them stay on even when they were really past it, like poor old Martha, who was always trying to sell people dresses that were much too old for them. Christine herself had been in the book department for more than four years. She had started as a junior, knocking over piles of books and breaking the till once a week in her efforts to serve customers quickly.
Now she was Head Salesperson and moved calmly around the department between the bright new paperbacks, knowing that book customers liked to take their time, unlike the people who stampeded through the other parts of the shop with never a moment to spare. She knew every book in the place and all about the new ones before they came out. She was said to be Mr Parker's right-hand person — and heaven knows he needed one — and was sometimes asked into his office to meet a favoured publisher's representative. The book department, partly due to Mr Parker's weak administration and partly because it was thought to be sophisticated, was the only department in Goldwyn's where you did not have to wear black. This Led to some confusion as to who was an assistant and who was a customer, not untypical of bookshops, and accounted for the distressed look of people who picked up a book they wanted but were afraid of having their elbows grasped by the store detective before they could find someone to take their money. Christine was wearing her grey suit today.
She liked the grey suit. She had liked it for a long time, because she had accepted her aunt's advice that it was better to buy an expensive suit that would last than to keep buying cheap suits that looked very smart for a few weeks, until they began to wrinkle at the elbows and sag at the seat. The grey suit had been what the shop had called a 'classic', which meant that nobody would ever turn round in the street to look at it, but it would stand having its skirt taken up or let down according to the swings of fashion. Christine liked her work, as much as one can like any job that imprisons one from nine till five-thirty. She liked Goldwyn's, but she Was always glad to get away from it at lunchtime, even though it meant queuing for a table at one of the restaurants and teashops that fed the local shop-workers. Here people tended to eat with one eye on their watches and had a taste for things like pasta and puddings which were the most filling at the least cost.
But Christine, once seated, enjoyed a leisurely, if lonely, sandwich.
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