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Ernest Hemingway is one of the great 20th century American writers. His incredible career, and the legend which developed around his impressive personality, was that of a man of action, a devil-may-care adventurer, a brave war correspondent, an amateur boxer, a big-game hunter and deep-sea fisherman, the victim of three car accidents and two plane crashes, a man of four wives and many loves, but above all a brilliant writer of stories and novels. Hemingway was born in 1899 in Oak Park, Illinois. His father was a doctor who initiated the boy into the outdoor life of hunting, camping and fishing. In high school Hemingway played football and wrote for the school newspaper. In 1917, when the United States entered the First World War, Hemingway left home and schooling to become a young reporter for the Kansas City Star. He wanted to enlist for the war but was rejected because of an eye injury from football.

Finally he managed to go to Europe as an ambulance driver for the Red Cross. He joined the Italian army and was seriously wounded. His war experience and adventurous life provided the background for his many short stories and novels.

He achieved success with A Farewell to Arms, the story of a love affair between an American lieutenant and an English nurse during the First World War. Hemingway actively supported the Republicans in the Spanish Civil War and wrote another successful novel of war, love and death. It was For Whom the Bell Tolls. During the Second World War Hemingway was a war correspondent first in China and then in Europe.

He fought in France, and helped to liberate Paris. In his later years Hemingway lived mostly in Cuba where his passion for deep-sea fishing provided the background for The Old Man and the Sea. He was awarded the Nobel Prize for literature in 1954. Hemingway is famous for his lean style, which has been widely imitated but never matched. His heroes show courage in the face of danger, a characteristic which Hemingway admired greatly and which he prided himself on possessing. Unwilling to live with the inevitable physical aging, Hemingway committed suicide, as his father had done before him under similar circumstances.

Names Ernest Hemingway [,3:nist'hemirjwei] Эрнест Хемингуэй Illinois [JPnoi] Иллинойс (штат в США) A Farewell [fea'wel] to Arms Прощай, оружие France [fra:ns] Франция The Old Man and the Sea Старик и море For Whom the Вей Tolls [taulz] По ком звонит колокол China ['tjaina] Китай Paris f'paeris] Париж Cuba ['kju:ba] Куба Nobel prize [nau, bel 'praiz] Нобелевская премия Vocabulary Incredible [in'kredibl] невероятный Career [ka'ria] карьера, успех, жизненный путь Legend ['Ied3snd] легенда Develop [di'velap] around развиваться), создаваться) Impressive [im'presiv] впечатляющий, яркий Personality [psisa'naeliti] личность, индивидуальность A man of action ['aekjn] человек действия Devil-may-care [,devil mei 'kea] безрассудный Adventurer [ad'ventfara] искатель приключений Brave смелый War correspondent [,kori'spondant] военный корреспондент Amateur ['aemata] boxer боксер-любитель A big-game hunter охотник на крупного зверя Deep-sea fisherman рыболов-глубоководник Victim ['viktim] жертва Car accident ['aeksidant] автомобильная катастрофа Plane crash авиакатастрофа To initiate (into) [i'nijieit] познакомить, ознакомить, Посвятить To enlist [in'list] поступить на военную службу, Записаться добровольцем To reject [ri'd3ekt] отвергать, отклонять, не принимать Injury [1nd38ri] травма (ушиб, рана и т. п.) Ambulance ['aembjulans] driver шофер "скорой помощи" The Red Cross Красный Крест To be wounded ['wu:ndid] получить ранение Experience [iks'piarians] опыт, впечатление To provide [pra'vaid] the background [traekgraund] for Послужить основой для To achieve [a'tjhv] success [sak'ses] добиться Успеха Love affair [a'fea] любовный роман Lieutenant [leftenant] лейтенант Nurse [пз:з] медсестра To support [sa'po:t] поддерживать Republican [ri'pAblikan] республиканец Civil ['sivil] war гражданская война To liberate [libareit] освобождать Passion ['paejn] страсть To award [a'wo:d] награждать Lean [li:n] скупой, без излишеств (о стиле) To imitate [Imiteit] подражать To match подходить, соответствовать Courage ['Iwids] мужество Characteristic [,kaerikta'ristik] характерная черта, Качество To admire [ad'maia] восхищаться To pride oneself on smth гордиться чем-либо To possess [pa'zes] обладать Unwilling [/wwilirj] нежелающий, несклонный Inevitable [in'evitabl] неизбежный Physical aging [,fizikl 'eidjirj] физическое Старение To commit suicide [ka'mit 'su:isaid] покончить Жизнь самоубийством Similar ['simila] подобный, схожий, Аналогичный Circumstance ['sarkamstans] обстоятельство Questions 1. Hemingway's life was full of adventures, wasn't it? What legend developed around his impressive personality? 2. When and where was he born? 3. When did Hemingway begin writing? 4. Why was he rejected when he wanted to enlist for the war? 5. How did he manage to go to Europe? 6. When was he first wounded?

7. A Farewell to Arms brought Hemingway success, didn't it? What's the novel about? 8. What novel did Hemingway write after the Spanish Civil War? 9. When was he awarded the Nobel Prize for literature? 10. What is Hemingway famous for?

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Категории: Материалы по английскому

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