Тренировочные задания в формате ЕГЭ по английскому языку. ЧТЕНИЕ
В2 Установите соответствие между заголовками А—Н И текстами 1—7. Занесите свои ответы в таблицу - Используйте каждую букву Только один раз. В задании один заголовок лишний. A. Struggle for Survival Е. Tourist Boom B. Ancient Wonder F. Agriculture Success С Great Beginning G. Practical Invention D. Important Event H. Living Longer 1. Computers have already revolutionized the way we live and work. But it is early days for computers. We do not know how much they are still changing the world. Already, Internet users can buy things and study holiday offers. It's much easier to edit and print documents using a PC. More computer wonders are yet to come. 2. Only a few years before men were walking on the moon, reputable scientists declared that it was impossible. But in 1969 Neil Armstrong stepped out of his space capsule and made his famous statement, That's one small step for a man, one giant leap for mankind.
' How- Ever, progress in this area is slower now. Not as much money goes into research as in the 1960s. 3. Surely nothing has done more for the comfort and happiness of mankind than the advance of medical knowledge! Lots of people have benefited from the aspirin and lots of lives have been saved by penicillin. Suigeons can perform the most amazing operations. Average life expectancy in Europe has risen dramatically over the last hundred years.
4. In the past, a holiday used to mean simply a day when you did not work. Now millions of holidaymakers travel to all parts of the world. Perhaps, not all people like to see lots of tourists in their countries, but we must admit that a phenomenon which sees the population of Greece treble is a wonder of the world. 5. It is true that the Olympic Games are now commercialized and there is greed and drug abuse. However, it is a competition in which every country of the world takes part.
Every four years, for a brief moment, we see these countries come together in peace and friendship. We see people from warring countries shake hands. We feel hope again for the future of mankind. 6. In 1724, Jonathan Swift wrote, 'Whoever makes two blades of grass or two ears of corn grow where only one grew before serves mankind better than the whole race of politicians. ' In Europe farmers have done it and we produce enough food to feed the world.
If only politicians could find a way to share it with those parts of the world where there is still famine. 7. The greatest wonder of the modern world is simply that we are still here. We have bombs that could destroy the world but we try our best not to use them.
Because of people's effort no government dares to use such weapons. The year 2001 marked the 100th anniversary of the Nobel Peace Prize, the most famous attempt to raise awareness of the issues of war and peace. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Прочитайте текст и заполните пропуски 1—6 частями предложений, обозначенными буквами A—G. Одна из часТей в списке A—G лишняя. Перенесите ответы в таблицу. Clothing is a distinctly human artefact. Even more than the use of tools, it distinguishes humans from the other creatures on this Planet.
The basic purpose of clothing was originally practical. By putting on a skin, humans were able to move into regions 1__________________ . An example of this use of clothing can be Seen among the Eskimos, and other people who live with extreme cold.
However, clothing was not only used for protection, but has al so been a means of displaying one's status. Thus clothing also devel oped in countries 2____________________ . Clothing tells us many things about the wearer. It can be used to Indicate 3____________________ .
The most extreme example of this Type of clothing is a uniform. A dress code is very important in busi ness. It is a rare businessman 4_______________________ . Most poli ticians also try to be neat and well-dressed. The significance of what we wear is becoming more important 5_______________ .
There have been cases on holiday islands where The locals have been outraged by foreign visitors — especially female visitors — who wear far less than the minimum that the locals consider decent. Actually, the signals given by clothing as worn by men And women have decreased 6______________________ . For example, Today most women are very comfortable wearing jeans. Yet the sight of a man in a dress would raise eyebrows in most western cultures.
Clothing is very important in our society. So it is highly unlikely that there will be no use for clothing in the future, unless humanity evolves into a completely new species. A. where there is no real practical need for it. B. because more people started to follow fashion. C. who does not feel the need to wear a suit and tie. D. where they otherwise would have been unable to cope with the climate. E. because many women now wear what were once men's clothes.
F. as the cultures of the world mix. G. whether a person is a member of a particular group or organization. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Прочитайте рассказ и выполните задания A15—A2L В каждом задании обведите цифру 1, 2, 3 или 4У соответствующую выбранному вами варианту ответа. Kevin Cookson, a 23-year-old engineering student, has been keen on windsurfing for many years. Recently, he set a new record for travelling all the way round the coast of Great Britain on a windsurf Board. 'I don't really know why I did it,' says Kevin, 'just for the fun of it, I suppose.
It was there to be done, that was all. ' Despite lacking both the obsessive ambition and the funds that normally go with attempts to break records, Kevin made the journey in eight weeks and six days, knocking one week off the previous record set in 1984. Leaving from Exmouth in the south-west of England, Kevin travelled up the west coast of England and Wales, before going round the top of Scotland and then coming back down the other side. The journey officially covered 2,896 kilometres, although given the changes of direction to find the right wind paths, the actual distance Kevin travelled is probably closer to 4,000 kilometres. Kevin fitted his fitness training in around his final year university examinations. 'I didn't have that much time to prepare,' he explains. 'But I often went running and supplemented that with trips to the gym to do weight training.
I found I got a lot better during the trip itself actually. At the start, I was tired and needed a rest after four hours, but by the end I found 1 could do ten hours in a row no trouble. ' Kevin had a budget of f7,000 to cover the whole expedition. The previous record had been set with a budget twice that size, while a recent unsuccessful attempt had cost f40,000. Budgets have to meet the cost of fuel, food and accommodation for the support team, as well as the windsurfer's own equipment and expenses. Previous contenders had been accompanied by a boat on which they slept at night, as well as a fleet of vehicles on land to carry their supplies. Kevin made do with an inflatable rubber boat and an old van manned by four friends who followed his progress.
Overnight arrangements had to be found along the way. Apart from the odd occasion when they enjoyed the hospitality of friends, the team made use of the camping equipment carried in the van, and slept on the beach. When asked if his athlete's diet was a closely kept secret, Kevin replied that he ate a lot of pasta and relied on the odd tin of tuna to keep up his energy. 'Basically, we had anything that was on special offer in the nearest supermarket,' he confided.
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